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How to Control Kudzu Bugs (Megacopta cribraria)

You’re probably having the initial reaction that I did, “Why would I want to control kudzu bugs? Just have at it!”

But kudzu bugs (Megacopta cribraria) also attack other legumes. Especially soybeans, wisteria, and hyacinth beans (Lablab pupureus). The idea of something that successfully retards the growth of kudzu having a picnic on my soybeans is not appealing.

It’s possible they will move on to other plant species as well. Last week I found swarms of them on my sage buddleia (Buddleia salviifolia) and am unsure if they were feeding or just attracted to rest in the pale leaves.

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

If you haven’t heard that kudzu has natural pests until now, you’re correct. I first noticed these guys clustered all over the straw bales and outdoor walls at a local garden center last season and knew that they were something I hadn’t seen before. Turns out they’re an invasive exotic that was first discovered in Georgia in 2009.

They’ve quickly spread all over Georgia, South Carolina, and into most of North Carolina. It’s probably fair to assume they’ll move into the same areas that kudzu is able to inhabit.

In addition to legumes, they are attracted to light colors when the weather cools because they hibernate in the same manner as Asian lady beetles. It’s common to see them swarming together and landing all over walls, doors, and windows, as shown in this News 11 Atlanta video. People seem to be having a hysterical reaction to their presence, though they are largely benign. Other than looking a bit like boogers and smelling really bad, they’re harmless if you aren’t a plant.

When attacking plants, they tend to cluster like this (at the time this post was written this photo was mislabeled as tortoise beetles). Since they feed on plant juices through sucking mouthparts like we drink milkshakes with a straw, it can look like they are simply resting. Visible plant damage includes curling leaves or discolored spotting.

Kudzu bugs are so new to our area that the ideal method of control isn’t known yet. If management is necessary, use the same methods as for squash bugs, harlequin bugs, or Japanese beetles. Knocking them into buckets of soapy water on a repeated basis is probably the best solution.

If you are experiencing kudzu bug hibernation inside your home, try turning your vacuum on them. (Beware that this will probably make your vacuum bag smell like stink bugs — you may want to use a shop vac that is stored in the garage).

NC State University has a good fact sheet on kudzu bugs that may help.

I encourage readers to leave tried and tested solutions in the comment section. Especially if you know of natural kudzu bug predators that can be encouraged to move into the garden.

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60 comments to How to Control Kudzu Bugs (Megacopta cribraria)

  • Phil

    Buggers love my deck and tend to land on my tan grill cover and patio umbrella. Applied a thin coat of “Tangle-Trap Sticky Coating” to a white gallon milk jug, leaving the handle untreated since coating is, surprise, surprise, sticky and a chore to remove if accidentally gotten on hands. Placed jug atop my grill. Trapped 200 to 300 in a few hours. Actually seemed to significantly reduce the swarming on my deck. BTW, I filled the jug w/water to keep if from blowing off grill. We’ll see if trap continues to work. If so, I’ll drink more milk or scavenge for empty containers! If one works well, maybe 5 would multiple the results. Anyway, very pleased thus far. I did not anticipate some freeing themselves, though they seem unable to fly and soon pass on to their just rewards. Plan to put cardboard or perhaps piece of wood under jug to keep them off grill cover!

    They also get on flowers my wife put in planters on our deck. (And, no, she did not plant kudzu or soybeans or wisteria!) Seem especially fond of the zinnias. Sprayed Captain Jack’s Deadbug (spinosad) on them. Direct contact knocked ‘em dead. Not sure about residual efficacy.

    Thinking about applying wettable pyrethrin to exterior of my house this fall. My board-and-batten constructions seems ideal for inviting overwintering. Don’t know if I could cope w/them indoors!

  • Mike

    I tried mulching my pole beans and yard long beans with coffee grounds and so far it has been very effective at repelling kudzu bugs (and Japanese beetles) from my legumes. Just sprinkle a layer of grounds around the beans as they first emerge from the ground. The plants appear to absorb something systemically from the grounds that repels the bugs. I am prepared to make a tea from the grounds and spray it on the plant if they ever appear on the mature plants, but so far haven’t had to do it. This is the first summer I have been able to get a bean harvest since the kudzu bugs (which I privately refer to as the “devil’s pellets”) first appeared in my SC garden 2 years ago and started killing all the legumes in my garden. English peas are the only legume they haven’t attacked yet. Here in my garden, they have attacked and killed pole beans, bush beans, lima beans, cowpeas, yard long beans, soybeans, fava beans, and annual sunflowers (but not sunchokes so far).

    • Bob Miller

      Hello Mike,
      I am anxious to try your coffee repellant on the Kudzu bugs.
      They have arrived in Alabama and last year they swarmed all over my pole beans. Didn’t seem to kill the plants – I grow the rattlesnake variety, but definitely stressed them. I have been putting coffee grounds and left over coffee along my bean trellis’ this winter in hopes I get the same results as you when I plant in May. I planted a fall crop of beans and the bugs were gone by then. Thanks for the tip!

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